Ginkgo seedlings are quite rare on Tianmu Mountains and are found in areas of the forests that have been highly disturbed. The seed-coat consists of a soft, fleshy outer layer sarcotesta , a hard, stony middle layer and a thin membranous inner layer.
Marshall, T. Ohki, D. McInnis, Z. Ninkov, and J. Carbone, who detail the conversion of the OMEGA time-integrated x-ray diagnostics to electronic readout using direct-detection x-ray cameras [charge-injection devices CID's ].
Pinhole and x-ray microscope images are shown along with inferred calibration measurements of the CID cameras. Currently, the same cameras are being used to obtain x-ray spectra in a TIM-based spectrometer, extending their use to all time-integrated imaging and spectroscopic x-ray instruments used on RAW Iron Fat Burner Ervingen.
Additional highlights of the research presented in this issue are: 1 V. Smalyuk, B. Yaakobi, F. Marshall, and D. Meyerhofer investigate the spatial structure of the temperature and density of target-shell plasmas at peak compression stagnation.
This is accomplished by examining the energy dependence of the x-ray emission using narrow-band x-ray filters and the known absorption properties of the shell dopant Ti. Sequin, C. Ll, D. Hicks, J. Frenje, K. Green, R. Petrasso, J. Soures, V. Glebov, C. Stoeckl, P. Radha, D.
Meyerhofer, S. Roberts, C. Sorce, T. Sangster, M. Cable, S. Padalino, and K. Through a novel extension of existing charged-particle detection techniques with track detectors, the authors demonstrate the ability to obtain secondary proton spectra with increased sensitivity.
Guardelben, L. Ning, N. Jain, D. Battaglia, and K. Marshall compare the utility of a novel liquid-crystal-based, point-diffraction interferometer LCPDI with the commercial standard phase-shifting interferometer and conclude that the LCPDI is a viable low-cost alternative. Shorey, S. Jacobs, W. Fletcher detail the physics and instrumentation used to obtain and interpret secondary D- 3 He proton spectra from current gas-filled-target and future cryogenic-target experiments.
Kordonski, and R.